The ancient Sumerians found the first-known form of writing, called cuneiform, consisting of shapes and symbols inscribed on clay tablets or carved into stone. Historians unable to read those cuneiform writings until the great excavation in Iraq. On the east bank of the Tigris River there are the ruins of great ancient city Nineveh. Historians call this part of land as the “cradle of civilization” because it was the home for Sumerians for centuries. Sumerians used this form of writing, consist of shapes and symbols inscribed on clay tablets or carved in to stone. For three millennia, the cuneiform writing system was used by ancient people. But by second century AD, the technology of reading and writing cuneiform was lost .
In the ruins of Nineveh historians found large amount of cuneiform clay tablets. They understood the writing language of Sumerians and translated all the cuneiform clay tablets. Like many ancient cultures Sumerians focused their writings on the creation of the world and humankind. But one thing in those cuneiform clay tablets puzzled the archaeologists for years. That is Sumerians wrote about their gods, a tribe of beings they called the “Anunnaki.” The Sumerians believed these “gods” had descended from the sky to Earth long before the Sumerians had arrived in Nineveh.
After some years archaeologists stumbled upon another find that would shock the world. For centuries there were myths about a capital city called Ur which was the administrative center of Sumerians. No one knew exactly where it is, or how to find it. By some excavations archeologists found the city Ur and the great Ziggurat of Ur, a pyramid-shaped structure over one hundred feet high that was said to have been the administrative center of the city. The cuneiform tablets found in the city Ur, revealed information about a great nation that was versed in agriculture, science, medicine, mathematics, kingship, courts, laws, judges and schools. Yet, of the half million to two million cuneiform tablets that have been excavated in modern times, only about thirty thousand to one hundred thousand have been read or published. Millions of tablets wait to reveal their secrets.